Common Knitting Abbreviations

by | Mar 19, 2019 | Knitting Resources

I’ve collected a list of common knitting abbreviations. These are standard abbreviations unless otherwise noted. If you have found an abbreviation not listed here, please leave a comment below and I will be happy to add it!

About Capitalization

Capitalization in knitting abbreviations is is random. Some pattern designers will always capitalized knitting abbreviations, while others prefer them lower case, or only capitalize some. There is no difference in meaning to an abbreviation if it is lower case versus uppercase.

Knitting Abbreviations

Jump to a Letter

A

B

C

D

F

K

M

P

R

S

A

alt – alternate approx – approximately

B

BO – bind off byo – backwards yarn over

C

C1 or C2 – Color one or Color two. In color work patterns, you will assign each ball of yarn a color number. In the pattern each color will be referred to by a number rather than a name to account for the fact that you may be using different colors than the original design used. CC – contrasting color CDD – center double decrease. Slip two stitches knitwise, knit one, slip both slipped stitches over the knit stitch cn – cable needle CO – cast on cont – continue

D

dec – decrease dpn – double pointed needles

F

FO – Finished object, this term is used to describe projects that you have finished completely

K

k – knit k1b – knit one below kfb – knit front back, knit 1 into the front of the stitch then knit into the back of the same stitch k2tog – knit two together kwise – knitwise, meaning you insert the needle as if to knit

M

m – marker m1 or m1k – make one stitch. This is typically a generic increase, unless the pattern defines the make one as a specific increase. Make one can be thought of as a “knitters choice” increase stitch. M1R – make one right (If you have trouble keeping M1R and M1L straight, Knit Picks has a cute reminder tool that you can keep in your knitting bag) M1L – make one left MC – main color

P

– purl pfb – purl front back pm – place marker p2tog – purl two together pu or puw – pick up wrap and work with stitch psso – pass slipped stitch over the last stitch worked p2sso – pass two slipped stitches over the last stitch worked pwise – purlwise, meaning you insert the needle as if to purl

R

rem – remaining rev St st – reverse stockinette stitch, or when the “wrong” side of stockinette is facing the right side rnd – round

S

SKP – slip 1 stitch knitwise, knit 1, pass slipped stitch over SK2P– skip 1 stitch knit wise, knit to together, pass slipped stitch over the last stitch worked SL or SL1 – slip stitch, if there is a number following it slip that number of stitches, for example SL2 means slip 2 stitches, if not specified typically stitches are slipped purlwise SL1K – slip one knitwise, or if the number is different than one, slip that number of stitches SL1P – slip one purlwise, or if the number is different than one, slip that number of stitches sl st – slip stitch SM  – slip marker SSK – slip two stitches knitwise, knit the two stitches together through the back loop ssp – slip 2 stitches knit wise, purl stitches together through the back loop SSSK – slip three stitches knit wise, knit the three stitches together through the back loop SSSP – slip three stitches knit wise, purl the three stitches together through the back loop st – stitch St st – stockinette stitch

T

TBL – through the back loop TFL – through the front loop

W

WIP – work in progress, this term is used to describe a project that you have started, but not finished WS – wrong side of the work (hint, it can be helpful to put a locking stitch marker or safety pin or scrap of yarn on the front of the work to make it clear what is the wrong side) w&t – wrap and turn wyib – with yarn held in back of work wyif – with yarn held in front of work

Y

yo – yarn over, single stitch increase

Symbols

– repeat the instructions following the single asterisk ** – repeat the instructions between the asterisk as many times as directed in the pattern, if no additional instructions are given, typically this means until the end of the round or row { } OR ( ) OR [ ] – repeat the instructions between the asterisk as many times as directed in the pattern, if no additional instructions are given, typically this means until the end of the round or row

Missing Knitting Abbreviations?

Are you looking for an abbreviation that is not on this list? Please leave me a comment below and I will add it.

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